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@iooxa/runtime

The runtime package allows you to create variables and components that react to changes in state through user-defined functions. The runtime is a small component that can be used in other packages to keep the state of a document reactive. The package is based on Redux which is compatible with many popular javascript frameworks (e.g. React, Vue, etc.).

Getting Started

This package is not setup directly for use in a browser, please see the @iooxa/components package to see it in use. For use in other packages, node, etc. you can download the latest release from npm:

>> npm install @iooxa/runtime

You should then be able to extend/integrate the runtime as you see fit:

import { createStore, applyMiddleware, combineReducers } from 'redux'; import thunkMiddleware from 'redux-thunk'; import runtime, { actions, reducer } from '@iooxa/runtime'; // Create a store const store = createStore( combineReducers({ runtime: reducer }), applyMiddleware( thunkMiddleware, runtime.triggerEvaluate, runtime.dangerousEvaluatation, ), );

For more information on Redux or Redux Thunk, please see their docs and tutorials.

State Structure

The basic state structure is:

{ "runtime": { "specs": {…}, "variables": {…}, "components": {…} } }

Each of the sub-states, {…}, is a dictionary with uuid keys, to an object that represents a variable or a component.

The state must be composed inside of an runtime dictionary. This allows you to compose the runtime state inside of your larger application, if required.

Variables

Variables have a name and a value and they can also be defined by a function (func). Depending on if a function is provided the variable will be derived, meaning that the function is used to evaluate the variable and provide the current value.

All components and variables also have a scope which is used to provide the variables by name when they are evaluated.

To create a variable, create a store and dispatch the createVariable action:

const x = store.dispatch(actions.createVariable('myScope.x', null, '1 + 1')); const y = store.dispatch(actions.createVariable('myScope.y', 1));

The name must be a simple variable name, with an optional scope prepending the name, the default scope is "global". The value in this case of x is null and a function is provided as ('1 + 1') which will be evaluated by the middleware in the store.

Get and Set Variable Properties

The dispatched action returns a shortcut that can be used to decrease the verbosity of further changes to the variable properties. Note that the current state and the value of the variable are often different. The variable is guaranteed to have the value only initialization, as other events may change its current value.

To get the current state of the variable:

let current = x.get(); // This can also be accessed through: current = x.variable.current;

All of the properties of the variable are contained within the variable object that is up to date with the state provided by the store.

To change the value of the variable, or provide a func for evaluation, this can be done through setting the variable:

x.set(42); x.set(null, 'y');

In the second line, a function is provided referencing y, which will be evaluated as these variables live in the same scope.

Components & Specs

To define a new component you must first define a component spec. This lays out all of the properties that a component has as well as any events it may create.

Define a Spec

For example, a slider has the following spec:

export const SliderSpec = { name: 'slider', description: 'Range input or a slider!', properties: { value: { type: PropTypes.number, default: 0 }, min: { type: PropTypes.number, default: 0 }, max: { type: PropTypes.number, default: 100 }, step: { type: PropTypes.number, default: 1 }, }, events: { change: { args: ['value'] }, }, }; // Register this component spec store.dispatch(actions.createSpec(SliderSpec));

The slider has a min, max, step and a value, when a user drags the slider, it creates a change event function and handler that has a single input to a function called "value" (which is not necessarily related to the value property 😕, more on that later.)

The name of the spec will need to be referenced when creating components of this type. As such that needs to be registered with the store, shown in the last line of the example above.

Create a Component

To create a range component, there must be a spec defined, and the properties and event handlers of this instance of the component can be defined. Note also that this component must live in a scope, which allows you to reference variables in that scope by name.

const slider = store.dispatch(actions.createComponent( 'slider', 'scope', { value: { func: 'x' }, min: { value: 1 } }, { change: { func: '{"x": value}' } }, ));

In this case the current sliders state can be accessed in a few ways:

x.get() === slider.state.value x.get() === slider.component.properties.value.current

Here we have created a component that is set up with two-way-data-binding to the variable x:

  1. when x changes the value property of the slider will also change; and

  2. when the slider is interacted with and dispatches a change event, that event evaluates the func:

function onChangeHandler(value) { return {"x": value}; }

This dictionary is used to update the variables in the state, and changes the value of x.

Responding to Component Events

As was mentioned before, you do not have to necessarily update the value of the slider (in this case it won’t move) or you may want to update multiple variables at the same time:

slider.set({}, { change: { func: '{ x: value, y: value + 1, z: value * 2 }' }});

This changes the slider component to declare that when a change event happens, update:

Here the function has a single argument called “value” because that is what we defined in the spec:

events: { change: { args: ['value'] }, },

We could change this to any other string or add other required entries for the event. These variable names will overwrite any variables named that in the scope (or globally).

Remember these are arbitrary evaluated strings, so you can do anything that Javascript can do. This includes executing user defined functions:

function helloSliderInput(value) { console.log('The slider is updating to:', value); return { x: magicOtherFunction(value) }; // Or no return at all. } // Note, it does need to be accessible to the evaluation function! window.helloSliderInput = helloSliderInput; slider.set({}, { change: { func: 'helloSliderInput(value)' }});

You also have access to other variables in the scope from the evaluated function:

// ignore the value from the change event, and just set things to "y": slider.set({}, { change: { func: 'helloSliderInput(y)' }});

Made with love by iooxa
Last updated May 21st, 2020